Unlocking the Potential of ChatGPT: A Deep Dive Into Its Technicalities

  • By Shamsher Singh Bhullar

  • 6th February 2023

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You could have read this article on ChatGPT, and it would have been easier for you. It is important to acknowledge the potential of ChatGPT, which has taken the internet world by storm. Recently, ChatGPT passed the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), a medical exam students gave to attain their licenses.

OpenAI’s chatbot, Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer, commonly known as ChatGPT 3.5, is created on top of OpenAI’s GPT-3 family of large language models. Basically, ChatGPT is a vast language model Chatbot which has the power to interact in conversational dialogues and provides responses that are astonishingly human.

What are Large Language Models?

ChatGPT works on Large Language Models (LLMs). What are they? Such models are trained to gather huge amounts of data and predict what word might come next in a sentence. The amount of data is directly proportional to the ability of language models. So, increasing the data in large language models would increase their ability to perform.

LLMs work like an autocomplete process but at a more advanced level. These predict the next work in a sentence series of words, enabling them to write long paragraphs. So, now you know why ChatGPT provides answers to queries in the form of long paragraphs, thanks to LLM.

What is the Technology Behind ChatGPT-3?

Generative Pre-training Transformer 3 by OpenAI, sometimes referred to as Chat GPT-3, is a revolutionary artificial intelligence (AI) tool that enables chatbots to comprehend and produce natural language with previously unheard-of accuracy and fluency.

What makes ChatGPT-3 special? Equipped with over 175 billion parameters and the ability to generate indefinite words in a single second, which makes ChatGPT unique.

Use of Vast Network Dataset

Sizable text dataset is pre-trained in a deep neural network, and it is then tuned for various tasks like answering questions or generating texts. The network includes different interconnected layers, or transformer blocks, which analyze the input text and provide a prediction for output.

Self Attention Mechanisms

What has enabled ChatGPT to understand the context of conversation or query and generate accurate or desired responses? The answer lies in using self-attention mechanisms, which allows the data network to analyze the importance of various words and phrases in the input text.


The capability of Chat GPT-3 to produce text that is consistent and cohesive, even with a limited amount of input, is another important characteristic. Transformers, which can model long-range dependencies in the input text and produce coherent word sequences, are used to make this possible.

ChatGPT’s Training

As stated above, ChatGPT 3.5 is trained on massive codes and information present on the internet, which helps ChatGPT to learn and respond in a more humane manner.

Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback

Human feedback has an essential role in training the ChatGPT using a technique called Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback. It helped ChatGPT to understand what humans expect in an answer.

Research, Research & Research

Research has an integral role in developing ChatGPT. The experts who created the AI application hired labelers to rate the outputs of two systems – GPT-3 and the new InstructGPT, which is a replica model of ChatGPT. Based on the research and ratings, experts concluded the following-

–  The results were positive, but improvement never hurts

–  Labelers vastly favor InstructGPT outputs over GPT-3 outputs

–  Labelers considerably prefer the outputs of InstructGPT over those of GPT-3

–  Accumulating fine-tuned LLMs with human preferences and feedback gradually improved the ChatGPT’s behavior

There could be many differences between ChatGPT and a simple chatbot. However, one thing that sets ChatGPT apart from others is to specifically understand the human intention in a query and provide helpful suggestions and answers.

ChatGPT is not Connected to the Internet

ChatGPT does not have access to external information and is not connected to the internet. The secret is the data used to generate responses, and the data set includes a variety of texts from multiple resources like books, websites, etc.

Pre-Training is the Main Reason

The fact that Chat GPT-3 was intended to be a language processing system rather than a search engine is one reason it is not connected to the internet. GPT -3’s main objective is to comprehend and produce human-like writing, not to perform an internet search.

It is accomplished by a procedure known as pre-training, in which a substantial amount of data is fed into the system. It is then customized to perform tasks such as translation or summarization.

Since ChatGPT is trained on a vast dataset, it has understood the relationship between words and concepts, allowing it to generate responses per the context of the conversation. Thus, it generates responses that are relevant to the query or conversation and seems natural to the user.

ChatGPT – Could be the Future?

ChatGPT applies deep learning techniques to generate human-like text responses. The training data comes from a large corpus of texts from the internet, including websites, books, and other written sources. As a language model created by OpenAI, the technology behind ChatGPT is based on advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, which makes it promising for the future. Let’s see what the future has in store for ChatGPT, as the rivals won’t take it complacently.

Written By
Shamsher Singh Bhullar
calendar 6th February 2023
Shamsher Singh Bhullar, heading the business and sales department at Deftsoft, has 12+ cross-industry experience that makes him an expert with thorough knowledge of upcoming business concepts. He has successfully led multiple teams in Digital Marketing and AEM and has an art of converting challenges into opportunities. Apart from developing innovative business and marketing strategies, he is committed to inspire and empower everyone around him to portray their very best.

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